Menu

Javascript is not activated in your browser. This website needs javascript activated to work properly.
You are here

Mutations of FLT3, NRAS, KRAS, and PTPN11 are frequent and possibly mutually exclusive in high hyperdiploid childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia

Author:
  • Kajsa Paulsson
  • Andrea Biloglav
  • Bodil Strömbeck
  • Fredrik Nilsson
  • Jesper Heldrup
  • Mikael Behrendtz
  • Erik Forestier
  • Anna Andersson
  • Thoas Fioretos
  • Bertil Johansson
Publishing year: 2008
Language: English
Pages: 26-33
Publication/Series: Genes, Chromosomes and Cancer
Volume: 47
Issue: 1
Document type: Journal article
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

Abstract english

Although it has been suggested that mutations of the FLT3, NRAS, KRAS, and PTPN11 genes are particularly frequent in high hyperdiploid (>50 chromosomes) pediatric acute lymphoblastic leukemias (ALLs), this has as yet not been confirmed in a large patient cohort. Furthermore, it is unknown whether mutations of these genes coexist in hyperdiploid cases. We performed mutation analyses of FLT3, NRAS, KRAS, and PTPN11 in a consecutive series of 78 high hyperdiploid ALLs. Twenty-six (33%) of the cases harbored a mutation, comprising six activating point mutations and one internal tandem duplication of FLT3 (7/78 cases; 9.0%), eight codon 12, 13, or 61 NRAS mutations (8/78 cases; 10%), five codon 12 or 13 KRAS mutations (5/78 cases, 6.4%), and seven exon 3 or 13 PTPN11 mutations (7/78 cases; 9.0%). No association was seen between the presence of a mutation in FLT3, NRAS, KRAS, or PTPN11 and gender, age, white blood cell count, or relapse, suggesting that they do not confer a negative prognostic impact. Only one case harbored mutations in two different genes, suggesting that mutations of these four genes are generally mutually exclusive. In total, one third of the cases harbored a FLT3, NRAS, KRAS, or PTPN11 mutation, identifying the RTK-RAS signaling pathway as a potential target for novel therapies of high hyperdiploid pediatric ALLs.

Keywords

  • Medical Genetics

Other

Published
  • ISSN: 1045-2257
Thoas Fioretos
E-mail: thoas [dot] fioretos [at] med [dot] lu [dot] se

Principal investigator

Translational Genomic and Functional Studies of Leucemia

+46 46 222 45 95

+46 70 334 33 67

BMC C13

66

Professor

Division of Clinical Genetics

+46 46 222 45 95

+46 70 334 33 67

BMC C13

66

Professor

Translational Genomic and Functional Studies of Leucemia

+46 46 222 45 95

+46 70 334 33 67

BMC C13

66