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The incidence of trisomy 8 as a sole chromosomal aberration in myeloid malignancies varies in relation to gender, age, prior iatrogenic genotoxic exposure, and morphology

Author:
  • Kajsa Paulsson
  • Torbjörn Säll
  • Thoas Fioretos
  • Felix Mitelman
  • Bertil Johansson
Publishing year: 2001
Language: English
Pages: 160-165
Publication/Series: Cancer Genetics and Cytogenetics1979-01-01+01:002011-01-01+01:00
Volume: 130
Issue: 2
Document type: Journal article
Publisher: Elsevier

Abstract english

Although trisomy 8 as a sole change is one of the most common chromosomal abnormalities in myeloid malignancies, it is largely unknown if the incidence of this aberration is influenced by other factors of clinical importance. In the present study, the frequencies of isolated +8 in relation to gender, age, previous treatment with chemo- or radiotherapy, and morphologic subtype were ascertained in published, as well as in our own unpublished, cases of acute myeloid leukemia (AML; n=4,246), myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS; n=1,817), and chronic myeloproliferative disorders (MPD; n=530). The frequencies of +8 were higher in MDS and MPD than in AML (7.5% vs. 5.6%; P<0.01) and varied among the morphologic subtypes of AML and MDS (P<0.001 and P<0.05, respectively). Trisomy 8 was more common in women than in men with MPD (11% vs. 5.1%; P<0.05). Furthermore, the frequencies of +8 were higher in de novo AML and MDS than in treatment-related cases (6.0% vs. 2.8%; P<0.01 and 8.6% vs. 1.5%; P<0.001, respectively). The incidence also varied significantly with age in AML (P<0.001), being more common in elderly patients. Although the causes for this frequency heterogeneity remain to be elucidated, possible explanations may include different environmental exposures affecting the origin of +8 in AML, MDS, and MPD and the presence of different underlying cryptic primary aberrations.

Keywords

  • Medical Genetics

Other

Published
  • Evolutionary Genetics
  • ISSN: 0165-4608
Thoas Fioretos
E-mail: thoas [dot] fioretos [at] med [dot] lu [dot] se

Principal investigator

Translational Genomic and Functional Studies of Leucemia

+46 46 222 45 95

+46 70 334 33 67

BMC C13

66

Professor

Division of Clinical Genetics

+46 46 222 45 95

+46 70 334 33 67

BMC C13

66

Professor

Translational Genomic and Functional Studies of Leucemia

+46 46 222 45 95

+46 70 334 33 67

BMC C13

66