The effect of leucyl-leucine methyl ester on proliferation and Ig secretion of EBV-transformed B lymphocytes.
Summary, in English
The selective cytotoxicity of the lysosomotropic methyl esters of leucine or its lysosomal condensation product leucyl-leucine has been used to investigate the effect of cytolytic cells on the clonal outgrowth, cellular proliferation and antibody secretion of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-transformed human B cells. Large granular lymphocytes (LGL), monocytes, and a subset of T cells (CD8/CD11+) were permanently eliminated by the ester treatment. These lysosome-rich cells severely inhibit the clonal outgrowth of EBV-infected B cells, as determined by Poisson distribution calculations. Furthermore, leucyl-leucine methyl ester-treated and EBV-infected lymphocytes showed a significant increase in proliferative capability as well as immunoglobulin (Ig) production (three to 11 times) compared to non-treated but similarly infected lymphocytes. Since the effect of leucyl-leucine methyl ester treatment was also detectable in low-density (100 B cells/well) cultures, the suppression was unlikely to be exerted by EBV-specific T-cell clones, but pointed rather to the natural killer (NK) cells as effectors.