The browser you are using is not supported by this website. All versions of Internet Explorer are no longer supported, either by us or Microsoft (read more here:

Please use a modern browser to fully experience our website, such as the newest versions of Edge, Chrome, Firefox or Safari etc.

Åke Borg

Åke Borg

Principal investigator

Åke Borg

Prediction of lymph node metastasis in breast cancer by gene expression and clinicopathological models: Development and validation within a population based cohort.


  • Looket Dihge
  • Johan Vallon-Christersson
  • Cecilia Hegardt
  • Lao Saal
  • Jari Häkkinen
  • Christer Larsson
  • Anna Ehinger
  • Niklas Loman
  • Martin Malmberg
  • Pär-Ola Bendahl
  • Åke Borg
  • Johan Staaf
  • Lisa Rydén

Summary, in English

Purpose: More than 70% of patients with breast cancer present with node-negative disease, yet all undergo surgical axillary staging. We aimed to define predictors of nodal metastasis using clinicopathological characteristics (CLINICAL), gene expression data (GEX), and mixed features (MIXED) and to identify patients at low risk of metastasis who might be spared sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB).

Experimental Design: Breast tumors (n = 3,023) from the population-based Sweden Cancerome Analysis Network–Breast initiative were profiled by RNA sequencing and linked to clinicopathologic characteristics. Seven machine-learning models present the discriminative ability of N0/N+ in development (n = 2,278) and independent validation cohorts (n = 745) stratified as ER+HER2−, HER2+, and TNBC. Possible SLNB reduction rates are proposed by applying CLINICAL and MIXED predictors.

Results: In the validation cohort, the MIXED predictor showed the highest area under ROC curves to assess nodal metastasis; AUC = 0.72. For the subgroups, the AUCs for MIXED, CLINICAL, and GEX predictors ranged from 0.66 to 0.72, 0.65 to 0.73, and 0.58 to 0.67, respectively. Enriched proliferation metagene and luminal B features were noticed in node-positive ER+HER2− and HER2+ tumors, while upregulated basal-like features were observed in node-negative TNBC tumors. The SLNB reduction rates in patients with ER+HER2− tumors were 6% to 7% higher for the MIXED predictor compared with the CLINICAL predictor accepting false negative rates of 5% to 10%.

Conclusions: Although CLINICAL and MIXED predictors of nodal metastasis had comparable accuracy, the MIXED predictor identified more node-negative patients. This translational approach holds promise for development of classifiers to reduce the rates of SLNB for patients at low risk of nodal involvement.


  • Breast Cancer Surgery
  • Breastcancer-genetics
  • Surgery (Lund)
  • BioCARE: Biomarkers in Cancer Medicine improving Health Care, Education and Innovation
  • Tumor Cell Biology
  • Division of Translational Cancer Research
  • Tumor microenvironment
  • The Liquid Biopsy and Tumor Progression in Breast Cancer
  • Personalized Breast Cancer Treatment
  • Familial Breast Cancer

Publishing year







Clinical Cancer Research





Document type

Journal article


American Association for Cancer Research


  • Cancer and Oncology




  • Genomisk karakterisering av trippelnegativ bröstcancer (TNBC)
  • Sweden Cancerome Analysis Network - Breast (SCAN-B): a large-scale multicenter infrastructure towards implementation of breast cancer genomic analyses in the clinical routine

Research group

  • Breast Cancer Surgery
  • Tumor Cell Biology
  • The Liquid Biopsy and Tumor Progression in Breast Cancer
  • Personalized Breast Cancer Treatment
  • Familial Breast Cancer


  • ISSN: 1078-0432