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Cancer Incidence in BRCA1 mutation carriers

Author:
  • D Thompson
  • DF Easton
  • Åke Borg
  • O Johannsson
  • Niklas Loman
  • Håkan Olsson
Publishing year: 2002
Language: English
Pages: 1358-1365
Publication/Series: Journal of the National Cancer Institute
Volume: 94
Issue: 18
Document type: Journal article
Publisher: Oxford University Press

Abstract english

Background: Germline BRCA1 mutations confer a substantial lifetime risk of breast and ovarian cancer, but whether cancer at other sites is increased is less clear. To evaluate the risks of other cancers in BRCA1 mutation carriers, we conducted a cohort study of 11 847 individuals from 699 families segregating a BRCA1 mutation that were ascertained in 30 centers across Europe and North America. Methods: The observed cancer incidence was compared with the expected cancer incidence based on population cancer rates. Relative risks (RRs) of each cancer type in BRCA1 carriers relative to risks for the general population were estimated by weighting individuals according to their estimated probability of being a mutation carrier. All statistical tests were two-sided. Results: BRCA1 mutation carriers were at a statistically significantly increased risk for several cancers, including pancreatic cancer (RR = 2.26, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.26 to 4.06, P = .004) and cancer of the uterine body and cervix (uterine body RR = 2.65, 95% CI = 1.69 to 4.16, P<.001; cervix RR = 3.72, 95% CI = 2.26 to 6.10, P<.001). There was some evidence of an elevated risk of prostate cancer in mutation carriers younger than 65 years old (RR = 1.82, 95% CI = 1.01 to 3.29, P = .05) but not in those 65 years old or older (RR = 0.84, 95% CI = 0.53 to 1.33, P = .45). Overall, increases in the risk for cancer at sites other than the breast or ovary were small and evident in women (RR = 2.30, 95% CI = 1.93 to 2.75, P = .001) but not in men (RR = 0.95, 95% CI = 0.81 to 1.12, P = .58). Conclusions: In carriers of BRCA1 mutations, the overall increased risk of cancer at sites other than breast and ovary is small and is observed in women but generally not in men. BRCA1 mutations may confer increased risks of other abdominal cancers in women and increased risks of pancreatic cancer in men and women.

Keywords

  • Cancer and Oncology

Other

Published
  • ISSN: 1460-2105
Åke Borg
Åke Borg
E-mail: ake [dot] borg [at] med [dot] lu [dot] se

Principal investigator

Oncology and Pathology, MV

+46 46 275 25 52

MV 404 C21B2

90

Project manager

Familial Breast Cancer

90

Professor

Oncology and Pathology, MV

MV 404 C21C2

90