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The DNA methylome of pediatric acute lymphoblastic leukemia.

Author:
  • Josef Davidsson
  • Henrik Lilljebjörn
  • Anna Andersson
  • Srinivas Veerla
  • Jesper Heldrup
  • Mikael Behrendtz
  • Thoas Fioretos
  • Bertil Johansson
Publishing year: 2009
Language: English
Pages: 4054-4065
Publication/Series: Human Molecular Genetics
Volume: Aug 13
Document type: Journal article
Publisher: Oxford University Press

Abstract english

Acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is the most common childhood malignancy, with high hyperdiploidy [51-67 chromosomes] and the t(12;21)(p13;q22) [ETV6/RUNX1 fusion] representing the most frequent abnormalities. Although these arise in utero, there is long latency before overt ALL, showing that additional changes are needed. Gene dysregulation through hypermethylation may be such an event; however, this has not previously been investigated in a detailed fashion. We performed genome-wide methylation profiling using bacterial artificial chromosome arrays and promoter-specific analyses of high hyperdiploid and ETV6/RUNX1-positive ALLs. In addition, global gene expression analyses were performed to identify associated expression patterns. Unsupervised cluster and principal component analyses of the chromosome-wide methylome profiles could successfully subgroup the two genetic ALL types. Analysis of all currently known promoter-specific CpG islands demonstrated that several B-cell- and neoplasia-associated genes were hypermethylated and underexpressed, indicating that aberrant methylation plays a significant leukemogenic role. Interestingly, methylation hotspots were associated with chromosome bands predicted to harbor imprinted genes and the tri-/tetrasomic chromosomes in the high hyperdiploid ALLs were less methylated than their disomic counterparts. Decreased methylation of gained chromosomes is a previously unknown phenomenon that may have ramifications not only for the pathogenesis of high hyperdiploid ALL but also for other disorders with acquired or constitutional numerical chromosome anomalies.

Keywords

  • Medical Genetics

Other

Published
  • ISSN: 0964-6906
Thoas Fioretos
E-mail: thoas [dot] fioretos [at] med [dot] lu [dot] se

Principal investigator

Translational Genomic and Functional Studies of Leucemia

+46 46 222 45 95

+46 70 334 33 67

BMC C13

66

Professor

Division of Clinical Genetics

+46 46 222 45 95

+46 70 334 33 67

BMC C13

66

Professor

Translational Genomic and Functional Studies of Leucemia

+46 46 222 45 95

+46 70 334 33 67

BMC C13

66