Human Anti-Oxidation Protein A1M-A Potential Kidney Protection Agent in Peptide Receptor Radionuclide Therapy.
- Division of Infection Medicine (BMC)
- Medical Radiation Physics, Lund
- Lund University Bioimaging Center
Publishing year: 2015
Publication/Series: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Document type: Journal article review
Publisher: MOLECULAR DIVERSITY PRESERVATION INT
Peptide receptor radionuclide therapy (PRRT) has been in clinical use for 15 years to treat metastatic neuroendocrine tumors. PRRT is limited by reabsorption and retention of the administered radiolabeled somatostatin analogues in the proximal tubule. Consequently, it is essential to develop and employ methods to protect the kidneys during PRRT. Today, infusion of positively charged amino acids is the standard method of kidney protection. Other methods, such as administration of amifostine, are still under evaluation and show promising results. α₁-microglobulin (A1M) is a reductase and radical scavenging protein ubiquitously present in plasma and extravascular tissue. Human A1M has antioxidation properties and has been shown to prevent radiation-induced in vitro cell damage and protect non-irradiated surrounding cells. It has recently been shown in mice that exogenously infused A1M and the somatostatin analogue octreotide are co-localized in proximal tubules of the kidney after intravenous infusion. In this review we describe the current situation of kidney protection during PRRT, discuss the necessity and implications of more precise dosimetry and present A1M as a new, potential candidate for renal protection during PRRT and related targeted radionuclide therapies.
- Radiology, Nuclear Medicine and Medical Imaging
- ISSN: 1422-0067