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Improving radioimmunotargeting of tumors: the impact of preloading unlabeled L6 monoclonal antibody on the biodistribution of 125I-L6 in rats

Author:
  • Michael Garkavij
  • Jan Tennvall
  • Sven-Erik Strand
  • Kristina Norrgren
  • Rune Nilsson
  • H O Sjogren
Publishing year: 1994
Language: English
Pages: 594-600
Publication/Series: Journal of nuclear biology and medicine (Turin, Italy : 1991)
Volume: 38
Issue: 4
Document type: Journal article
Publisher: Minerva Medica

Abstract english

In the radioimmunotherapy of malignancies the uptake of monoclonal antibodies (MoAb) is commonly low in tumors compared with normal tissue. Several methods have been suggested to increase the tumor-to-normal tissue (T/N) ratio. In this study we have investigated the biodistribution of different amounts of 125I-L6-biotin MoAb in combination with a preload of unlabeled L6 MoAb. Nude rats were injected with 50 micrograms or 250 micrograms of unlabeled L6 24 hours prior to the injection of 10 micrograms, 50 micrograms or 250 micrograms of 125I-L6, antipancarcinoma MoAb. Dissections were performed 24 hours after the injection of radiolabeled MoAb. The maximal enhancement of tumor uptake with simultaneously decreased uptake in normal tissues was with 250 micrograms of 125I-L6 preceded by a preload of 50 micrograms unlabeled L6. Mean T/N ratios were improved by a factor of 2.9 for bone marrow, 3.4 for liver, 3.7 for lungs and 2.3 for kidneys as compared with the corresponding controls. This study demonstrated that preinjection of optimal amounts of unlabeled L6 MoAb may increase the uptake of 125I-L6 by tumor and improve the T/N ratios. Based on present data, preloading with unlabeled MoAb should be considered in future clinical studies with immunoconjugates to improve the radioimmunotargeting of tumors. It is essential to titrate an appropriate amount of the preload, thus avoiding possible tumor antigen saturation of unlabeled MoAbs but simultaneously decreasing the uptake of subsequently injected radiolabeled MoAb in normal tissues.

Keywords

  • Radiology, Nuclear Medicine and Medical Imaging

Other

Published
  • Medical Radiation Physics, Malmö
  • ISSN: 0368-3249
Sven-Erik Strand
E-mail: sven-erik [dot] strand [at] med [dot] lu [dot] se

Project manager

Systemic Radiation Therapy Group

32

Professor emeritus

Medical Radiation Physics, Lund

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