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Cooperation between parents in caring for diabetic children: relations to metabolic control and parents' field-dependence-independence

  • Olof Rydén
  • Per Johnsson
  • Lars Nevander
  • Sture Sjöblad
  • Lena Westbom
Publishing year: 1993
Language: English
Pages: 223-229
Publication/Series: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
Volume: 20
Issue: 3
Document type: Journal article
Publisher: Elsevier

Abstract english

Aspects of parental interaction were assessed in 20 families with diabetic, insulin-dependent children, using hour-long video-taped interviews, the children being in optimal (O, n = 10) or poor (P, n = 10) metabolic control and showing optimal or poor psychological adaptation. In comparison with the O-group parents, the P-group parents were less appreciative of one another, were less congruent in their attitudes to diabetes care, and appeared not to respect their childrens' independence and integrity; the mothers were discontented with the support given them by their husbands; the children assumed less responsibility for managing their diabetes and seemed less confident during the interview. The results are interpreted in light of an earlier finding that the P-group fathers are more field-dependent (FD) than their wives while the opposite is true for the O-group fathers. With reference to evidence from the cognitive style literature, we suggest that the relatively FD P-group fathers have difficulties in acting as autonomous sources of support to their wives resulting in marital discord and a delayed transition from maternal to self care in their children.


  • Endocrinology and Diabetes
  • Family interaction
  • Metabolic control
  • Diabetes mellitus
  • Adolescent


  • ISSN: 1872-8227
Per Johnsson psykologi samhällsvetenskapliga institutionen
E-mail: per [dot] johnsson [at] psy [dot] lu [dot] se

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Department of Psychology

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