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Personality and self-concept in subgroups of patients with anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa

Author:
  • Erica Fäldt Ciccolo
  • Per Johnsson
Publishing year: 2002
Language: English
Pages: 347-357
Publication/Series: Social Behavior and Personality
Volume: 30
Issue: 4
Document type: Journal article
Publisher: Society for Personality Research (Inc.)

Abstract english

The question of subgroups in eating disorders was addressed in this study. According to the DSM-IV manual, the two subtypes for anorexia nervosa are restricting and binge-eating/purging. For bulimia nervosa, the subtypes are purging and non-purging. An attempt was made here to examine alternative ways to create meaningful subgroups in the eating disordered patient group. A cluster analysis was performed in a group of 52 female patients (AN = 21, BN = 31). Fifty-five undergraduate students served as a control group. Three self report instruments were used: the Eating Disorder Inventory-2, Karolinska Scale of Personality, and Tennessee Self Concept Scale.

The results reveal three different groups of patients. Factors like poor interoceptive ability and high degree of somatization differentiate between the groups, and contribute to severity of pathology, as well as to lower levels of self concept.

Keywords

  • Psychology
  • anorexia nervosa
  • bulimia nervosa
  • subgroups
  • personality
  • self-concept
  • Eating Disorder Inventory
  • Karolinska Scales of Personality
  • Tennessee Self-Concept Scale
  • somatization
  • severity
  • pathology

Other

Published
  • ISSN: 0301-2212
Per Johnsson psykologi samhällsvetenskapliga institutionen
E-mail: per [dot] johnsson [at] psy [dot] lu [dot] se

Senior lecturer

Department of Psychology

+46 46 222 87 71

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