Affinity of 3-acyl substituted 4-quinolones at the benzodiazepine site of GABAA receptors.
- Centre for Analysis and Synthesis
Publishing year: 2008
Publication/Series: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry
Document type: Journal article
The finding that alkyl 1,4-dihydro-4-oxoquinoline-3-carboxylate and N-alkyl-1,4-dihydro-4-oxoquinoline-3-carboxamide derivatives may be high-affinity ligands at the benzodiazepine binding site of the GABAA receptor, prompted a study of 3-acyl-1,4-dihydro-4-oxoquinoline (3-acyl-4-quinolones). In general, the affinity of the 3-acyl derivatives was found to be comparable with the 3-carboxylate and the 3-carboxamide derivatives, and certain substituents (e.g., benzyl) in position 6 were again shown to be important. As it is believed that the benzodiazepine binding site is situated between an α- and a γ-subunit in the GABAA receptor, selected compounds were tested on the α1β2γ2s, α2β2γ2s and α3β2γ2s GABAA receptor subtypes. The 3-acyl-4-quinolones display various degrees of selectivity for α1- versus α2- and α3-containing receptors, and high-affinity ligands essentially selective for α1 over α3 were developed.
- Organic Chemistry
- Benzodiazepine binding site
- GABAA receptor
- GABAA receptor subtypes
- Pharmacophore model
- ISSN: 0968-0896