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Kristian Pietras

Kristian Pietras

Research team manager

Kristian Pietras

Consensus guidelines for the use and interpretation of angiogenesis assays


  • Patrycja Nowak-Sliwinska
  • Kari Alitalo
  • Elizabeth Allen
  • Andrey Anisimov
  • Alfred C. Aplin
  • Robert Auerbach
  • Hellmut G. Augustin
  • David O. Bates
  • Judy R. van Beijnum
  • R. Hugh F. Bender
  • Gabriele Bergers
  • Andreas Bikfalvi
  • Joyce Bischoff
  • Barbara C. Böck
  • Peter C. Brooks
  • Federico Bussolino
  • Bertan Cakir
  • Peter Carmeliet
  • Daniel Castranova
  • Anca M. Cimpean
  • Ondine Cleaver
  • George Coukos
  • George E. Davis
  • Michele de Palma
  • Anna Dimberg
  • Ruud P.M. Dings
  • Valentin Djonov
  • Andrew C. Dudley
  • Neil P. Dufton
  • Sarah Maria Fendt
  • Napoleone Ferrara
  • Marcus Fruttiger
  • Dai Fukumura
  • Bart Ghesquière
  • Yan Gong
  • Robert J. Griffin
  • Adrian L. Harris
  • Christopher C.W. Hughes
  • Nan W. Hultgren
  • M. Luisa Iruela-Arispe
  • Melita Irving
  • Rakesh K. Jain
  • Raghu Kalluri
  • Joanna Kalucka
  • Robert S. Kerbel
  • Jan Kitajewski
  • Ingeborg Klaassen
  • Hynda K. Kleinmann
  • Pieter Koolwijk
  • Elisabeth Kuczynski
  • Brenda R. Kwak
  • Koen Marien
  • Juan M. Melero-Martin
  • Lance L. Munn
  • Roberto F. Nicosia
  • Agnes Noel
  • Jussi Nurro
  • Anna Karin Olsson
  • Tatiana V. Petrova
  • Kristian Pietras
  • Roberto Pili
  • Jeffrey W. Pollard
  • Mark J. Post
  • Paul H.A. Quax
  • Gabriel A. Rabinovich
  • Marius Raica
  • Anna M. Randi
  • Domenico Ribatti
  • Curzio Ruegg
  • Reinier O. Schlingemann
  • Stefan Schulte-Merker
  • Lois E.H. Smith
  • Jonathan W. Song
  • Steven A. Stacker
  • Jimmy Stalin
  • Amber N. Stratman
  • Maureen van de Velde
  • Victor W.M. van Hinsbergh
  • Peter B. Vermeulen
  • Johannes Waltenberger
  • Brant M. Weinstein
  • Hong Xin
  • Bahar Yetkin-Arik
  • Seppo Yla-Herttuala
  • Mervin C. Yoder
  • Arjan W. Griffioen

Summary, in English

The formation of new blood vessels, or angiogenesis, is a complex process that plays important roles in growth and development, tissue and organ regeneration, as well as numerous pathological conditions. Angiogenesis undergoes multiple discrete steps that can be individually evaluated and quantified by a large number of bioassays. These independent assessments hold advantages but also have limitations. This article describes in vivo, ex vivo, and in vitro bioassays that are available for the evaluation of angiogenesis and highlights critical aspects that are relevant for their execution and proper interpretation. As such, this collaborative work is the first edition of consensus guidelines on angiogenesis bioassays to serve for current and future reference.


  • Division of Translational Cancer Research
  • BioCARE: Biomarkers in Cancer Medicine improving Health Care, Education and Innovation

Publishing year












Document type

Journal article




  • Cell and Molecular Biology


  • Angiogenesis
  • Aortic ring
  • Chorioallantoic membrane (CAM)
  • Corneal angiogenesis
  • Endothelial cell migration
  • Hindlimb ischemia
  • Intussusceptive angiogenesis
  • Microfluidic
  • Myocardial angiogenesis
  • Plug assay
  • Proliferation
  • Recombinant proteins
  • Retinal vasculature
  • Tip cells
  • Vascular network
  • Vessel co-option
  • Zebrafish




  • ISSN: 0969-6970