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Life satisfaction in 6 European countries: The relationship to health, self-esteem, and social and financial resources among people (aged 65-89) with reduced functional capacity

  • Christel Borg
  • Cecilia Fagerström
  • Cristian Balducci
  • Vanessa Burholt
  • Dieter Ferring
  • Germain Weber
  • Clare Wenger
  • Göran Holst
  • Ingalill Rahm Hallberg
Publishing year: 2008
Language: English
Pages: 48-57
Publication/Series: Geriatric Nursing
Volume: 29
Issue: 1
Document type: Journal article
Publisher: Mosby

Abstract english

The aim of this study was to investigate how overall health, participation in physical activities, self-esteem, and social and financial resources are related to life satisfaction among people aged 65 and older with reduced activities of daily living (ADL) capacity in 6 European countries. A subsample of the European Study of Adults’ Well-Being (ESAW), consisting of 2,195 people with reduced ADL capacity from Sweden, the United Kingdom, the Netherlands, Luxembourg, Austria, and Italy, was included. The Older Americans’ Resources Schedule (OARS), the Life Satisfaction Index Z, and the Self-Esteem Scale were used. In all national samples, overall health, self-esteem, and feeling worried, rather than ADL capacity, were significantly associated with life satisfaction. The findings indicate the importance of taking not only the reduction in functional capacity into account but also the individual’s perception of health and self-esteem when outlining health care and nursing aimed at improving life satisfaction. The study thus suggests that personal rather than environmental factors are important for life satisfaction among people with reduced ADL capacity living in Europe.


  • Nursing


  • Family Medicine and Community Medicine
  • ISSN: 1528-3984
Ingalill Rahm Hallberg
E-mail: ingalill [dot] rahm_hallberg [at] med [dot] lu [dot] se

Professor emerita

Health-promoting Complex Interventions