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Håkan Axelson

Håkan Axelson

Research team manager

Håkan Axelson

Hypersomy of chromosome 15 with retrovirally rearranged c-myc, loss of germline c-myc and IgK/c-myc juxtaposition in a macrophage-monocytic tumour line


  • S Imreh
  • Y Wang
  • C K Panda
  • M Babonits
  • H Axelson
  • S Silva
  • A Szeles
  • F Wiener
  • G Klein

Summary, in English

From a lymphoid tumour induced by 7,12-dimethylbenz-[a]-anthracene (DMBA) + methyl-N-nitrose-N-urea (MNU) in an [AKR Rb(6.15) x CBAT6T6]F1 mouse, a macrophage- monocyte line (KT-10) was isolated. Following ethyl methanesulfonate (EMS) treatment, a bromodeoxyuridine (BUdR) resistant subline was selected. Serial propagation of this line in vitro in the presence of BUdR (28 months) with periodic cytogenetic and molecular examinations, has led to the definition of four successive stages. During stage I, the cells were trisomic for chromosome 15. They contained Rb(6.15) and Rb(del6.15) of AKR and T(14;15) of CBA origin. Southern blotting showed the presence of both germline (G) and rearranged (R) c-myc. At stage II, Rb(del6.15) has duplicated. Both Rb(6.15) and T(14;15) persisted together with G-myc and R-myc. In stage III, the CBA-derived T(14;15) was lost, in parallel with G-myc. At this stage, a Dic.In(6.15) was detected. One of its arms was cytogenetically identical with the long arm of In(6.15) in the variant IgK/myc translocations. This chromosome carried R-myc and IgK in juxtaposition, as indicated by comigration on pulsed field electrophoresis (PFGE). At stage IV, the R-myc carrying AKR-derived chromosome 15s were present in six copies. Possible relationships between the increasing R/G myc ratio and changed growth characteristics in vivo and in vitro are discussed.


  • Division of Translational Cancer Research

Publishing year







European Journal of Cancer





Document type

Journal article




  • 9,10-Dimethyl-1,2-benzanthracene
  • Animals
  • Blotting, Northern
  • Blotting, Southern
  • Chromosome Aberrations
  • Chromosomes, Human, Pair 15
  • Electrophoresis, Gel, Pulsed-Field
  • Genes, myc
  • Humans
  • Lymphoma, T-Cell
  • Macrophages
  • Methylnitrosourea
  • Mice
  • Mice, Inbred AKR
  • Mice, Inbred BALB C
  • Monocytes
  • Trisomy
  • Tumor Cells, Cultured




  • ISSN: 0959-8049