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Gadolinium Contrast Agent is of Limited Value for Magnetic Resonance Imaging Assessment of Synovial Hypertrophy in Hemophiliacs.

Author:
  • Björn Lundin
  • Erik Berntorp
  • Holger Pettersson
  • Ronnie Wirestam
  • K Jonsson
  • Freddy Ståhlberg
  • Rolf Ljung
Publishing year: 2007
Language: English
Pages: 520-530
Publication/Series: Acta Radiologica
Volume: 48
Issue: 5
Document type: Journal article
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

Abstract english

Purpose: To examine the influence of different doses of gadolinium contrast agent on synovial enhancement, to compare magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings of synovial hypertrophy and radiographic joint changes in hemophiliacs, and to investigate the value of gadolinium in MRI assessment of synovial hypertrophy in hemophiliacs using dynamic MRI and MRI scoring. Material and Methods: Twenty-one hemophiliacs on prophylactic factor treatment without recent bleeds were subjected to radiography and gadolinium contrast-enhanced dynamic and static MRI of the knee using a standard dose of 0.1 mmol/kg b.w. gadoteridol. In 17 of the patients, the MRI procedure was repeated after a triple dose of gadoteridol. Results: MRI findings of synovial hypertrophy were significantly correlated with Pettersson radiographic scores. In 19 of the 21 MRI investigated joints, administration of contrast agent did not alter the result of the evaluation of synovial hypertrophy. Conclusion: The optimal time interval for volume assessment of synovial hypertrophy after injection of gadolinium contrast agent is dose dependent. Hemophiliacs without recent bleeds have minor to abundant synovial hypertrophy in joints with pronounced radiographic changes. Dynamic MRI is not useful for evaluating hemophilic arthropathy, and gadolinium contrast agent is not routinely indicated for MRI scoring of joints in hemophiliacs.

Keywords

  • Radiology, Nuclear Medicine and Medical Imaging

Other

Published
  • Clinical Coagulation, Malmö
  • Paediatric Hematologic Research Group
  • ISSN: 1600-0455
Freddy Ståhlberg
E-mail: freddy [dot] stahlberg [at] med [dot] lu [dot] se

Professor

Medical Radiation Physics, Lund

+46 46 17 31 19

+46 70 688 31 19

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Professor

Diagnostic Radiology, (Lund)

+46 46 17 70 30

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Project manager

MR Physics

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