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Apparent exchange rate mapping with diffusion MRI.

Author:
  • Samo Lasic
  • Markus Nilsson
  • Jimmy Lätt
  • Freddy Ståhlberg
  • Daniel Topgaard
Publishing year: 2011
Language: English
Pages: 356-365
Publication/Series: Magnetic Resonance in Medicine
Volume: 66
Document type: Journal article
Publisher: Wiley Online Library

Abstract english

Water exchange through the cell membranes is an important feature of cells and tissues. The rate of exchange is determined by factors such as membrane lipid composition and organization, as well as the type and activity of aquaporins. A method for noninvasively estimating the rate of water exchange would be useful for characterizing pathological conditions, e.g., tumors, multiple sclerosis, and ischemic stroke, expected to be associated with a change of the membrane barrier properties. This study describes the filter exchange imaging method for determining the rate of water exchange between sites having different apparent diffusion coefficients. The method is based on the filter-exchange pulsed gradient spin-echo NMR spectroscopy experiment, which is here modified to be compatible with the constraints of clinical MR scanners. The data is analyzed using a model-free approach yielding maps of the apparent exchange rate, here being introduced in analogy with the concept of the apparent diffusion coefficient. Proof-of-principle experiments are performed on microimaging and whole-body clinical scanners using yeast suspension phantoms. The limitations and appropriate experimental conditions are examined. The results demonstrate that filter exchange imaging is a fast and reliable method for characterizing exchange, and that it has the potential to become a powerful diagnostic tool. Magn Reson Med, 2011. © 2011 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

Keywords

  • Radiology, Nuclear Medicine and Medical Imaging

Other

Published
  • Multidimensional microstructure imaging
  • ISSN: 1522-2594
Freddy Ståhlberg
E-mail: freddy [dot] stahlberg [at] med [dot] lu [dot] se

Professor

Medical Radiation Physics, Lund

+46 46 17 31 19

+46 70 688 31 19

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Professor

Diagnostic Radiology, (Lund)

+46 46 17 70 30

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Project manager

MR Physics

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