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Frequent alterations of the PI3K/AKT/mTOR pathways in hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer.

Author:
  • Anna Isinger Ekstrand
  • Mats Jönsson
  • Annika Lindblom
  • Åke Borg
  • Mef Nilbert
Publishing year: 2010
Language: English
Pages: 125-129
Publication/Series: Familial Cancer
Volume: 9
Document type: Journal article
Publisher: Kluwer

Abstract english

The phosphatidylinositol 3-kinases-AKT-mammalian target of rapamycin pathway (PI3K/AKT/mTOR) is central in colorectal tumors. Data on its role in hereditary cancers are, however, scarce and we therefore characterized mutations in PIK3CA and KRAS, and expression of PIK3CA, phosphorylated AKT, and PTEN in colorectal cancers linked to hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer (HNPCC). Sequencing was used to identify mutations in PIK3CA, a real-time PCR-based method to identify KRAS mutations, and immunohistochemical staining was used to evaluate the expression of PIK3CA, phosphorylated AKT and PTEN in 58 HNPCC-associated colorectal cancers. Derangements of at least one of the PI3K/AKT/mTOR components analyzed were found in 51/58 (88%) tumors. Mutations in PIK3CA and KRAS were identified in 14 and 31% of the tumors respectively. Overexpression of PIK3CA and phosphorylated AKT occurred in 59 and 75% and were strongly associated (P = 0.005). Reduced/lost PTEN expression was found in 63% of the tumors. Though HNPCC-associated colorectal cancers show simple genetic profiles with few chromosomal alterations, we demonstrate frequent and repeated targeting of the PI3K/AKT/mTOR pathway, which suggests that therapeutic strategies directed at this pathway are likely to be beneficial also in HNPCC.

Keywords

  • Cancer and Oncology

Other

Published
  • ISSN: 1389-9600
Åke Borg
Åke Borg
E-mail: ake [dot] borg [at] med [dot] lu [dot] se

Principal investigator

Oncology and Pathology, MV

+46 46 275 25 52

MV 404 C21B2

90

Project manager

Familial Breast Cancer

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Professor

Oncology and Pathology, MV

MV 404 C21C2

90