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Diabetic children and their parents: personality correlates of metabolic control

Author:
  • Olof Rydén
  • L Nevander
  • Per Johnsson
  • Lena Westbom
  • Sture Sjöblad
Publishing year: 1990
Language: English
Pages: 1204-1212
Publication/Series: Acta Paediatrica Scandinavica
Volume: 79
Issue: 12
Document type: Journal article
Publisher: Taylor & Francis

Abstract english

Test measures of field-dependence-independence and impulsiveness-control were obtained from two groups of diabetic children and their parents, the children being in optimal (O, n = 12) or poor (P. n = 27) metabolic control and, according to the judgment of clinicians, showing optimal or poor psychological adaptation. Children of the O-group scored lower in impulsiveness and higher in realistic functioning than those of the P-group. Differences which parallelled these were found between the two groups of fathers. The P-group fathers were decidedly more field-dependent than their wives, while the opposite was found for the O-group. Group differences of the kind obtained were seen as possible determinants of disturbed family interaction or emotional stress in the child in the P-group and of autonomy and self-reliance in the child in the O-group. It is concluded that the role of fathers of diabetic children has been underestimated.

Keywords

  • Pediatrics
  • juvenile diabetes mellitus
  • psychosocial factors
  • IDDM
  • personality
  • family

Other

Published
  • ISSN: 0001-656X
Per Johnsson psykologi samhällsvetenskapliga institutionen
E-mail: per.johnsson [at] psy.lu.se

Senior lecturer

Department of Psychology

+46 46 222 87 71

P013

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