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Production of sordarin and related metabolites by the coprophilous fungus Podospora pleiospora in submerged culture and in its natural substrate

Author:
  • R W S Weber
  • A Meffert
  • H Anke
  • Olov Sterner
Publishing year: 2005
Language: English
Pages: 619-626
Publication/Series: Mycological Research
Volume: 109
Issue: 5
Document type: Journal article
Publisher: Cambridge University Press

Abstract english

Rabbit pellets collected from the field were colonized by Podospora pleiospora at the exclusion of other coprophilous fungi, suggesting antibiosis. in liquid culture, P. pleiospora produced sordarin (1); sordarin B (2), a new compound in which sordarose is replaced by rhamnose, hydroxysordarin (3); and sordaricin (4). The major compounds I and 2 exhibited minimum inhibitory concentrations of 0.5-2.5 mu g ml(-1) against the yeasts Nematospora coryli and Sporobolomyces roseus, but showed little or no activity against bacteria or coprophilous filamentous fungi. In liquid culture, the production of 1 and 2 together amounted to 2.7 mu g ml(-1), whereas in rabbit dung only 1 was produced at a similar concentration (2.3 mu g g(-1) fresh weight). The biosynthesis of these substances was unaffected by the presence of inoculum of other fungi tested (Sporoholomyces roseus or Penicillium claviforme) in liquid culture or on dung. Sordarin-type natural products are therefore synthesized by P. pleiospora at sufficiently high concentrations to account for antibiosis against yeasts, but not against filamentous fungi.

Keywords

  • Organic Chemistry

Other

Published
  • ISSN: 1469-8102
Olov Sterner
E-mail: olov.sterner [at] science.lu.se

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