Trypanocidal diarylheptanoids from Aframomum letestuianum K. Schum (Zingiberaceae).
- Centre for Analysis and Synthesis
Publishing year: 2003
Publication/Series: Journal of Natural Products
Document type: Journal article
Publisher: The American Chemical Society
Three new diarylheptanoids, (4Z,6E)-5-hydroxy-1-(4-hydroxy-3-methoxyphenyl)-7-(4-hydroxyphenyl)hepta-4,6-dien-3-one, letestuianin A (1), (4Z,6E)-5-hydroxy-1,7-bis(4-hydroxy-3-methoxyphenyl)hepta-4,6-dien-3-one, letestuianin B (2), and 1,7-bis(4-hydroxyphenyl)heptan-3,5-dione, letestuianin C (3), as well as the known (4Z,6E)-5-hydroxy-1,7-bis(4-hydroxyphenyl)hepta-4,6-dien-3-one (5) were isolated from Aframomum letestuianum. The known flavonoids 3-acetoxy-5,7,4'-trihydroxyflavanone, 3-acetoxy-7-methoxy-5,4'-dihydroxyflavanone, 7-methoxy-3,5,4'-trihydroxyflavone, and 3,3',4',5,7-pentahydroxyflavan were also obtained from this plant. Their structures were determined using a combination of 1D and 2D NMR techniques. The four diarylheptanoids were tested for growth inhibitory activity in vitro versus bloodstream forms of African trypanosomes. IC50 values in the range of 1-3 g/mL were found for compounds 3 and 5.
- Organic Chemistry
- ISSN: 0163-3864