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CAG repeat length in the androgen receptor gene is related to age at diagnosis of prostate cancer and response to endocrine therapy, but not to prostate cancer risk

Author:
  • O Bratt
  • Åke Borg
  • U Kristoffersson
  • R Lundgren
  • Q X Zhang
  • Håkan Olsson
Publishing year: 1999-10
Language: English
Pages: 6-672
Publication/Series: British Journal of Cancer
Volume: 81
Issue: 4
Document type: Journal article
Publisher: Nature Publishing Group

Abstract english

The length of the polymorphic CAG repeat in the N-terminal of the androgen receptor (AR) gene is inversely correlated with the transactivation function of the AR. Some studies have indicated that short CAG repeats are related to higher risk of prostate cancer. We performed a case-control study to investigate relations between CAG repeat length and prostate cancer risk, tumour grade, tumour stage, age at diagnosis and response to endocrine therapy. The study included 190 AR alleles from prostate cancer patients and 186 AR alleles from female control subjects. All were whites from southern Sweden. The frequency distribution of CAG repeat length was strikingly similar for cases and controls, and no significant correlation between CAG repeat length and prostate cancer risk was detected. However, for men with non-hereditary prostate cancer (n = 160), shorter CAG repeats correlated with younger age at diagnosis (P = 0.03). There were also trends toward associations between short CAG repeats and high grade (P = 0.07) and high stage (P = 0.07) disease. Furthermore, we found that patients with long CAG repeats responded better to endocrine therapy, even after adjusting for pretreatment level of prostate-specific antigen and tumour grade and stage (P = 0.05). We conclude that short CAG repeats in the AR gene correlate with young age at diagnosis of prostate cancer, but not with higher risk of the disease. Selection of patients with early onset prostate cancer in case-control studies could therefore lead to an over-estimation of the risk of prostate cancer for men with short CAG repeats. An association between long CAG repeats and good response to endocrine therapy was also found, but the mechanism and clinical relevance are unclear.

Keywords

  • Cancer and Oncology
  • Adult
  • Age Factors
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Gonadotropin-Releasing Hormone
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Prostatic Neoplasms
  • Receptors, Androgen
  • Risk
  • Trinucleotide Repeats

Other

Published
  • Urological cancer, Malmö
  • Lund Melanoma Study Group
  • ISSN: 0007-0920
Åke Borg
Åke Borg
E-mail: ake.borg [at] med.lu.se

Principal investigator

Oncology and Pathology, MV

+46 46 275 25 52

MV 404 C21B2

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Project manager

Familial Breast Cancer

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Professor

Oncology and Pathology, MV

MV 404 C21C2

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