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Survival in prospectively ascertained familial breast cancer: Analysis of a series stratified by tumour characteristics, BRCA mutations and oophorectomy

Author:
  • P Moller
  • Åke Borg
  • D G Evans
  • N Haites
  • MM Reis
  • H Vasen
  • E Anderson
  • C M Steel
  • J Apold
  • D Goudie
  • A Howell
  • F Lalloo
  • L Maehle
  • H Gregory
  • K Heimdal
Publishing year: 2002
Language: English
Pages: 555-559
Publication/Series: International Journal of Cancer
Volume: 101
Issue: 6
Document type: Journal article
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

Abstract english

Dedicated clinics have been established for the early diagnosis and treatment of women at risk for inherited breast cancer, but the effects of such interventions are currently unproven. This second report on prospectively diagnosed inherited breast cancer from the European collaborating centres supports the previous conclusions and adds information on genetic heterogeneity and the effect of oophorectomy. Of 249 patients, 20% had carcinoma in situ (CIS), 54% had infiltrating cancer without spread (CaNO) and 26% had cancer with spread (CaN+). Five-year survival was 100% for CIS, 94% for CaNO and 72% for CaN+ (p = 0.007). Thirty-six patients had BRCA1 mutations, and 8 had BRCA2 mutations. Presence of BRCA1 mutation was associated with infiltrating cancer, high grade and lack of oestrogen receptor (p < 0.05 for all 3 characteristics). For BRCA1 mutation carriers, 5-year survival was 63% vs. 91% for noncarriers (p = 0.04). For CaNO patients, mutation carriers had 75% S-year disease-free survival vs. 96% for noncarriers (p = 0.01). Twenty-one of the mutation carriers had undergone prophylactic oophorectomy, prior to or within 6 months of diagnosis in 13 cases. All but I relapse occurred in the I S who had kept their ovaries, (p < 0.01); no relapse occurred in those who had removed the ovaries within 6 months (p = 0.04) Contralateral cancer was more frequently observed in mutation noncarriers, but this finding did not reach statistical significance. Our findings support the concept that BRCA1 cancer is biologically different from other inherited breast cancers. While current screening protocols appear satisfactory for the majority of women at risk of familial breast cancer, this may not be the case for BRCA1 mutation carriers. The observed effect of oophorectomy was striking.

Keywords

  • Cancer and Oncology
  • oophorectomy
  • breast cancer
  • BRCA1
  • prognosis
  • survival

Other

Published
  • ISSN: 0020-7136
Åke Borg
Åke Borg
E-mail: ake.borg [at] med.lu.se

Principal investigator

Oncology and Pathology, MV

+46 46 275 25 52

MV 404 C21B2

90

Project manager

Familial Breast Cancer

90

Professor

Oncology and Pathology, MV

MV 404 C21C2

90