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Population-Based Study of the Risk of Second Primary Contralateral Breast Cancer Associated With Carrying a Mutation in BRCA1 or BRCA2.

Author:
  • Kathleen E Malone
  • Colin B Begg
  • Robert W Haile
  • Åke Borg
  • Patrick Concannon
  • Lina Tellhed
  • Shanyan Xue
  • Sharon Teraoka
  • Leslie Bernstein
  • Marinela Capanu
  • Anne S Reiner
  • Elyn R Riedel
  • Duncan C Thomas
  • Lene Mellemkjær
  • Charles F Lynch
  • John D Boice
  • Hoda Anton-Culver
  • Jonine L Bernstein
Publishing year: 2010
Language: English
Pages: 2404-2410
Publication/Series: Journal of Clinical Oncology
Volume: 28
Document type: Journal article
Publisher: American Society of Clinical Oncology

Abstract english

PURPOSE: Women with breast cancer diagnosed early in life comprise a substantial portion of those tested for BRCA1/BRCA2 mutations; however, little information is available on the subsequent risks of contralateral breast cancer in mutation carriers. This study assessed the risk of subsequent contralateral breast cancer associated with carrying a BRCA1 or BRCA2 mutation. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In this nested case-control study, patients with contralateral breast cancer diagnosed 1 year or more after a first primary breast cancer (n = 705) and controls with unilateral breast cancer (n = 1,398) were ascertained from an underlying population-based cohort of 52,536 women diagnosed with a first invasive breast cancer before age 55 years. Interviews and medical record reviews were used to collect risk factor and treatment histories. All women were tested for BRCA1/BRCA2 mutations. Relative (rate ratios) and absolute (5- and 10-year cumulative) risks of developing contralateral breast cancer following a first invasive breast cancer were computed. RESULTS: Compared with noncarriers, BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutation carriers had 4.5-fold (95% CI, 2.8- to 7.1-fold) and 3.4-fold (95% CI, 2.0- to 5.8-fold) increased risks of contralateral breast cancer, respectively. The relative risk of contralateral breast cancer for BRCA1 mutation carriers increased as age of first diagnosis decreased. Age-specific cumulative risks are provided for clinical guidance. CONCLUSION: The risks of subsequent contralateral breast cancer are substantial for women who carry a BRCA1/BRCA2 mutation. These findings have important clinical relevance regarding the assessment of BRCA1/BRCA2 status in patients with breast cancer and the counseling and clinical management of patients found to carry a mutation.

Keywords

  • Cancer and Oncology

Other

Published
  • ISSN: 1527-7755
Åke Borg
Åke Borg
E-mail: ake.borg [at] med.lu.se

Principal investigator

Oncology and Pathology, MV

+46 46 275 25 52

MV 404 C21B2

90

Project manager

Familial Breast Cancer

90

Professor

Oncology and Pathology, MV

MV 404 C21C2

90